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St. Louis Missouri Television Stations
  KSD-TV, Channel 5, St Louis, MO (KSDK)
  WTVI, Channel 54, Bellville, IL (KTVI, Channel 2)
  KWK, Channel 4, St. Louis, MO (KMOX, KMOV)
  KPRL, Channel 11, St. Louis, MO
  KDNL, Channel 30, St. Louis, MO
  St. Louis Ghost Television Stations

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St. Louis Television, the early years-KSD-TV
KSD-TV, Channel 5, St. Louis, Missouri  (KSDK)

(above): RCA ad placed in Broadcasting-Telecasting on the establishment of KSD-TV.

(from Broadcasting-Telecasting)

KSD-TV, First in St. Louis

When KSD-TV went on the air in February of 1947, the station began a VHF television station monopoly in the St. Louis market nearly ten years. It remains the station with the longest affiliation period with a network (NBC) than any other heritage station in the country. Over those early years, the public was seeking even more television service. In fact, by April of 1952 the St. Louis Board of Alderman filed a petition with the FCC that St. Louis be given first priority when the “freeze” is lifted and the FCC begins to processing applicants for TV stations. At that time St. Louis had 372-thousand television sets (virtually all with VHF only tuning) and only one station. Even the owner of KSD-TV, the St. Louis Post-Dispatch added their name to the request, which was more than likely done as a public relations move.

There were already a list of applicants for the channel allocations which were designated before the 1948 “freeze” took effect. The list over the years included many of the St. Louis media companies, from radio, newspaper and even churches, night clubs, theater and hotel owners. Among those were KWK, KMOX(CBS), WEW, WIL, KXOK, KFUO, the St. Louis Amusement Company, 220 North Kingshighway, Inc., the New England TV Company, Meredith Engineering Company, Empire Coil Company, Ozark Television Company, KSTL(Broadcast House, Inc), Signal Hill Telecasting Corporation, Donze Broadcasting Company, Belleville Broadcasting Company, the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod and Cecil W. Roberts(owner of Missouri radio stations KREI, Farmington, KNEW Nevada, KCHI Chillicothe and Kansas radio station, KCLO in Leavenworth). There were three VHF and three UHF channel available. One of those VHF channels was set aside for educational broadcasting.

It would be difficult to image the early days of KSD and the challenges those local TV pioneers faced to program the station. KSD general manager George M. Burbach and his staff had their work cut out for them. No regular network service, very little if any quality syndicated programming was available for KSD-TV to broadcast.

The idea of KSD Radio getting a television sister station began as far back as 1936 when George Burbach wrote a letter to the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) to let them know of the company's desire to start a television station. It was the aim of Mr. Burbach to be the first manager of the first television station in St. Louis.

Virtually all programming for KSD-TV would originate within the walls of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch owned by Pulitzer Publishing Company at 1111 Olive Street in downtown St. Louis. Along with programming, the station would also have to break new ground when it came to equipment as well. A 1949 article written by Jean Winkler for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch and reprinted on the St. Louis Media History website told of the stations zeal to obtain equipment form RCA. KSD would beg RCA to sell and lend equipment designed and built to be experimental at the RCA labs. Among such equipment, the studio cameras were mentioned as having no video viewfinders. The camera operators were only able to “aim” at the action while the director would fine tune the shots, including focusing, by communicating with the camera operator.

RCA also sent engineers to oversee the use of the new broadcast equipment. Some of the equipment on loan included a visual transmitter and separate FM audio transmitter as well as a microwave relay transmitter and broadcast antenna mounted on top of the Post-Dispatch building. With a tower height of 180-feet above the street and the 3-bay super turnstile antenna KSD-TV would broadcast with a range of ten miles. The main studio was 29 by 24-feet with a 22-foot ceiling. The wall and ceiling treatment was of rock-wool blanket and perforated transite for sound deadening. The floor was isolated from the rest of the building by being a room within a room to eliminate any unwanted noise.

The control room was located on a raised floor on the other side of an observation window. The raised floor allowed the technicians to overlook the actual live performance while observing the actual raw production elements on the monitors. Above the control room was a “clients' observation room” which had twenty seats for others to watch the entire production through a window which divided the main studio with the observation area. That was just one of the “observation areas.” Besides that smaller area was another one which would seat 40 people. This “audience” observation area was open to the main studio so as to pick up the sounds of laughter or applause of the witnesses.

(far left): A rehearsal for "Open House" pictured with the production staff.  (left to right): Mel Randoll, floor manager; Esther Lee Bride, technical consultant; Emerson Russell, producer and Bradford Whitney, director.

(near left): A furniture arrangement is demonstrated by Kay Mornon, host with Dave Russell, "the man about the house."

(from TV Review, and the collection of  Dr. Wayne Brasler)

KSD-TV director of special events, Frank Eschen is pictured before television broadcast interviews.

(near right): St. Louis Mayor Joseph M. Darst and Frank Eschen

(far right): Eleanor Roosevelt is pictured with
Frank Eschen

(from TV Review, and the
collection of  Dr. Wayne Brasler)

The first regular scheduled broadcasting of KSD-TV began on February 8, 1947, although there were reports of programming occurring during the previous months. According to Broadcasting magazine, KSD-TV claimed to the first newly equipped postwar television station to go on the air, plus the first being operated by a newspaper. One of the first people featured in the first broadcast was former St. Louis Cardinal catcher Joe Garagiola being introduced by Post-Dispatch sports editor J. Roy Stockton.

The first week of broadcasting was to include 25 hours of programming for what was called, in tribute to Thomas Edison, Edison Centennial Week. A total of 51 programs were presented primarily between Noon to 3:30pm Monday through Saturday, with some evening broadcasts. To help in the financing of the first broadcasts 13 advertisers had signed on to have their commercials air during the premiere week. The sponsorship list included: Shell Oil Company, Bulova and Elgin Watches, Union Electric Company, Hyde Park Beer, Bemis Bag Company, Trimfoot and Rhythm Step Shoes, the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad, Botany Ties and Monsanto Chemicals.

One can only imagine the work that was done to produce a menagerie of programs of various formats such as news, fashion, drama along with a quiz show which involved audience members were customers from a St. Louis department store.

Pulitzer Publishing had already been a broadcast pioneer in 1922 when KSD Radio was established. On February 3 and 4, KSD-TV gave just a few television owners a glimpse of what was to occur with KSD-TV would begin regularly scheduled broadcasts a few days later. Those lucky viewers saw street interviews, puppet shows,

KSD-TV Expands its Reach

By April of 1947, KSD-TV would be upgrading its temporary transmitting equipment with new state of the art RCA equipment. That new equipment would include an RCA Model TT-5 transmitter, a new antenna mounted on a 550-foot tower giving the VHF station an effective radiated power of 20 kw along with expanded broadcast radius of 35 to 40 miles.

KSD-TV Anticipates a Network Hookup

One month after KSD-TV signed on for the first time it appeared it would be quite a while before Channel 5 would be receiving a network source for programming like its radio counterpart had been receiving for years. There were predictions it would be five to ten years, perhaps longer before there would be facilities available to provide full time service from the four major networks operating at that time.

KSD-TV Promotes Its Operation to the Public

KSD-TV and the St. Louis Post-Dispatch took the opportunity to explain how television worked and the challenges and complexities of producing programming with a two page display ad on Sunday, May 25, 1947. There were pictures of the studios and equipment along with explanations of problems perhaps in response to possible public comments criticizing the production values of local programming.

KSD-TV Gets a Boost of Power/Antenna

A “ringside seat” was constructed at the Post-Dispatch building to watch the construction of the new antenna at the St. Louis Post-Dispatch building in downtown St. Louis. The tower would also support the antenna of KSD-FM. The height of the tower would be 540-feet above the street and would be the tallest structure in downtown St. Louis. It was to be first utilized in July of 1947. Supervising the station upgrade was KSD-TV chief engineer J.E. Risk. (picture).  In August of 1947, KSD-TV was celebrating a major upgrade in its facilities with a power increase to 20-kilowatts atop a new 540-foot tower in downtown St. Louis. This upgrade with RCA equipment would increase its range to 50-miles around St. Louis.

KSD-TV Signs with the National Broadcasting Company

It was the objective of NBC to have a television network of 16 affiliated stations and an expansion was planned for 90 stations by mid 1952.  Frank E. Mullen, NBC executive vice-president stated those goals with the signing of three more Midwest affiliated stations.  Those stations were WWJ-TV, Detroit; WTMJ-TV Milwaukee; and KSD-TV.  All three of those stations had roots with NBC in that each were co-owned by companies with corresponding AM radio  stations also affiliated with NBC.  Of course a direct network hookup was not yet possible, but according to Mr. Mullen all of the stations would be linked with the east coast hookup during the fall of 1948.  Details included an interconnection that would be made to link Buffalo to Cleveland, Toledo, Detroit, Chicago, Milwaukee and to St. Louis on the far southwest end.

NBC/ABC/CBS was in the Future of KSD-TV

The American Broadcasting Company began network operations on September 20, 1948 with regular programming being produced by WENR-TV, Chicago.  The network would consist of links from Chicago to Toledo, Cleveland, Buffalo, Milwaukee and St. Louis.  Meanwhile the NBC Midwest network would included affiliated stations of NBC in Buffalo (WBEN-TV) and St. Louis with KSD-TV.

Paul V. Mowrey, ABC's director of television announced the working agreements with most of the stations, even though the agreement with KSD-TV was still in negotiations.  ABC would be the first network to make Midwest programming available via the coaxial cables throughout the Midwest.  Most of the programming produced would come from variety shows already being produced for radio on WLS including "Don McNeils Breakfast Club," "Ladies Be Seated" and "Welcome Travelers."  The start of the network would coincide with the start up of WENR-TV, Channel 7 in Chicago.

Meanwhile constructioin was underway on the coaxial link which would run between Chicago; Danville, Illinois; and St. Louis.  It was anticipated that it would be completed in September of 1948.  It would serve NBC as well as ABC and would link the respective Chicago stations to KSD-TV.

George M. Burbach, KSD-TV general manager indicated that the fall KSD-TV schedule would include a variety of programs from NBC and CBS including sporting events to musical programs.  It was also assumed that the Channel 5 schedule would include a selection of ABC programs as well.

The NBC network would go "on line" September 20, 1948 with a three hour inaugural broadcast from the studios of KSD-TV.  The first half hour was an interview with Niles Trammell, NBC president.  The rest of the show was devoted to movie previews and upcoming NBC programs which would be carried on the network.   According to plan, the Midwest network stations for both ABC and NBC were launched on the same day, just an hour apart.  ABC's premiere show, a half hour variety show sponsored by the Admiral Corporation was broadcast on WEWS Cleveland, WTMJ-TV Milwaukee, WBEN-TV Buffalo and originated at WENR-TV in Chicago.  All but the Cleveland station were also affiliated with NBC.   After showing the ABC premiere broadcast, WTMJ-TV and WBEN switched to the NBC premeiere originating with KSD-TV.  Along with the two from Milwaukee and Buffalo, stations WSPD-TV Toledo and WWJ-TV Detroit joined on the NBC broadcast.

The segment origination from KSD-TV included an interview with Benson Ford, vice-president of the Ford Motor Company conducted by KSD-TV's Frank Eschen, special events director.  Russ David and the KSD Orchestra helped to close out the program.

In spite of the Midwest network hook-up for NBC, the network had no plans for any regularly scheduled network programming.  ABC had 13 weekly programs all scheduled to originate from Chicago.  By November of 1948, AT&T completed the link of the east coast coax to the Midwest coax, to bring live network programming from New York to Chicago and then to KSD-TV in St. Louis.

DuMont and KSD-TV

The DuMont television network was also beginning to compile affiliates to the networks roster.  Among those station was KSD-TV.  It was proclaimed in a March 1949 ad in Broadcasting-Telecasting magazine that DuMont was reaching 96.7% of the television audience.

July 27, 1953                                                        Program Listings for KSD-TV, Channel 5, St. Louis, Missouri
7:00am  Today-A program of news, special events and
               entertainment.  Dave Garroway as M.C.(NBC)
9:00am  Arthur Godfrey Show(CBS)
10:00am Garry Moore-Hi-jinks and comedy mixed
              with informative and entertaining skits or
              acts, featuring off the cuff ad lib artist
              Garry Moore and his straight man,
              Durward Kirby (CBS)
10:30am Strike it Rich-(quiz program, CBS)
11:00am Bride and Groom-(real wedding
               ceremony, CBS)
11:15am Love of Life-A dramatic serial starring
               Peggy McCay, Paul Potter, Jean 
               McBride, Marie Kennedy and Dennis
               Parnell. (CBS)
11:30am Search for Tomorrow-A serial filled
               with domestic life.  A continued story. (CBS)
11:45am Guiding Light-A continued story. (CBS)
12:00pm Charm School-(unknown origin)
12:15pm To the Ladies-A quiz; travel and
               vacation suggestions, novelty quiz and
               organ music with John Rodel, Charlie
               Sherwood and Stan Kann. (live from KSD-TV,
               see below for details on this KSD-
               TV production)

1:15pm Homemaking with KSD-TV-by Wilma
              Sims(live from KSD-TV)
2:00pm The Big Payoff-(game show NBC)
2:30pm Welcome Travelers-(broadcast from
              Chicago on NBC starring Tommy Bartlett)
3:00pm Break the Bank-(game show NBC)
3:30pm Art Linkletter's House Party-Presents
             well known stars of stage and screen
              as his guests (CBS)
4:00pm Russ David Show-(unknown origin)
4:30pm Howdy Doody-Fun, frolic and excitement
             for the youngsters supplied by the
             famous puppet Howdy and Clarabell
             the clown, Bob Smith is the host. (NBC)
5:00pm Wrangler's Club-featuring a western
             film narrated by Texas Bruce
             (produced from KSD-TV)
5:30pm Bob Ingham's Sportsview-(live from KSD-TV)
5:40pm Weather Forecast-Jack Garrison
              as Weatherman
5:45pm I.N.S. Telenews-Sterling Harkins reporting
              the latest local and national news
6:00pm Bob and Ray Show-(comedy skits, NBC)

6:15pm Dotty Bennett Show-(unknown origin)
6:30pm Carl McIntire Presents-(unknown origin)
7:30pm Name That Tune-New comedy-musical
            quiz show with Red Benson
             as Quiz-master(NBC)
8:00pm Pantomime Quiz-An old parlor game
             brought up to date with blonde and 
             beautiful Sandra Spence as scorekeeper
             and Mike Stokey as M.C.  (NBC)
8:30pm Robert Montgomery Theater-
              presents "Annie's Story" the story of an
              older sister who is outshone by her
              younger sister.  (NBC)
9:30pm Who Said That-Panel quiz show with
              Walter Kiernan as M.C. (NBC)
10:00pm Summer Theater-presents "Shadow
              of a Man," an unusual love story of a
              young man and his stepfather who reach
              an understanding after discussing
              their separate love affairs. (unknown origin)                        
Note: Much of daytime fare included programming from CBS as well

This was also the first day of broadcasting of WTVI, Channel 54 in Belleville
Images of NBC and Broadcast on KSD-TV 1940s-50s

KSD-TV and the 1949 World Series from DuMont

The 1949 World Series was being televised through the facilities of DuMont and promised to be the biggest TV event of the year.  Unfortunately, DuMont was offering the telecast to affiliated and non-affiliated stations with no network compensation and no offering of any local ad time for the local affiliates.  It was called “No pay, no charge” and it seemingly was being offered to all TV stations in the same markets such as Washington D.C., Baltimore, Chicago on a non-exclusive basis.  All four of the Chicago TV stations, WBKB, WENR-TV, WGN-TV and WNBQ were all carrying the broadcast.  

All of the stations as well as CBS considered the broadcast “a fact of life.”  Among the stations taking the World Series included KSD-TV, but unlike most of the others, Channel 5 would have an exclusive, simply because it was the only TV station in St. Louis at the time.

The week before broadcast time the World Series line up would include 38 stations including KSD-TV.  There were still 12 stations still considering the broadcasts, but by broadcast time there would be a total of 46 stations.  The total was finally announced by Bob Jamison, DuMont operations chief.

“For the Ladies”

Among the daytime fare of programming at KSD for a number of years during the 1950's included a local variety/game show designed for the female viewers. “To the Ladies” was hosted by Russ Severin a former Broadway performing tenor who became a successful TV producer at KSD-TV. The one-hour and 15 minute daily broadcast consisted of quizzes, parlor games, skits and maybe a little music as well. To try to compare a description of this show with a anything broadcast today would be impossible, but certain segments sounded like something from “Laugh-In” to “Lets Make a Deal” to “Who Wants to be Millionaire” to “Solid Gold” to....I think you get the idea....I hope. The cast consisted of Harry Honig, Charlie Sherwood and Charlotte Peters(who would go on to host her own show on KTVI through the early 70's).

(far left): Russ Severin host of
"To the Ladies" on KSD-TV

(near left): host Russ Severin with Harry Honeig with a studio audience participating in the games and prizes from many, many sponsors.

(from TV Review, and the collection of Dr. Wayne Brasler)

The show was chock full of sponsorships, presumably all to be featured throughout he show as prizes and tested for real life testimonials by the cast. The show would consist of 15-5 minute segments each with a different sponsor, mostly food products such as a certain brand of spaghetti or ravioli, then Bosco(the chocolate syrup added to milk), and Grapette(a grape flavored soft drink).

A 1954 listing in TV Guide described a particular “For the Ladies” as including an “honor town” and selected Sullivan, Missouri with guests from the Women's Club of Sullivan. By then the show was hosted by John Roedel. Roedel also hosted a late afternoon news summary called “I.N.S. Telenews.”

Other local Productions

Not much information is available on other assumed KSD-TV productions, but I have found program titles from listings from 1954 to include “Home” which was listed as “women's news.” The Russ David Show was listed as a “variety show,” “Corky the Clown” starred Clif St. James, the station's weather caster at night did double duty as the TV clown during the week, then later was just a weekend feature of KSD though a time in the 1970's. “Corky” included a studio audience with kids that participated in contests and provided the audience for skits and performances around the usual variety of Warner Brothers or Hanna Barbara cartoons and even an weekly episode of Flash Gordon(from the 1930's). “Corky” was also possibly the first locally produced program regularly broadcast in color in the mid 1960's. In 1954 KSD had a listing for “Zippy the Clown.” It's not known if Zippy was any relation to Corky.

“The Wrangler's Club” was hosted by Harry Gibbs as “Texas Bruce” and included, at least in 1954, movies starring long time movie serial cowboys such as Tim McCoy. This series is listed as airing from 1950 to 1963. There were other local productions throughout the years including the Sally Jessy Raphael's talk show in the 1980's and 90's, as well as “Show Me St. Louis” in the late 1990s.

Here is "Corky" played by Cliff St. James on two different programs.  "Corky the Clown" and "Corky's Colorama"


"Corky's Colorama" was KSD-TV's first locally produced color program.  This picture is from around 1966 and was included in an RCA Color TV Equipment Catalog from the era.


St. Louis Cardinal Baseball

KSD-TV's long association with the St. Louis Cardinals goes back to the first year of broadcasting on Channel 5. This association continued through the late 1980's when independent St. Louis station KPLR picked up the rights for broadcasts. The rights were returned back to KSD-TV in 2006, before losing them again to FOX Sports Midwest.

It was KSD-TV's link to the St. Louis Cardinals which helped to initiate the cable industry in Illinois. As it was, Taylorville, Illinois became the first community in Illinois to develop a working Community Antenna system which provided subscribers, or members to the West End Community Television Cooperative. The south-central Illinois community had many personal ties to the baseball team. For example the lights at the Manners Park main baseball diamond came as a donation from the original Bush Stadium during the 1950's.

Evidently, there was such a demand to receive the televised baseball games of the Cardinals that an organization was formed during the mid 1950's in Taylorville to receive KSD-TV's broadcasts. A 250-foot tower as erected on the west side of town with the top most stacked antennas pointing to the south-southwest toward the transmitter site of KSD-TV. From the “head-end” the channel was piped along the cable with other local channels 3, 17, 20 to the coop members.

KSD News

For local TV news broadcasts in St. Louis, KSD-TV and later KSDK has long dominated the ratings especially during the very early years. Being the first local TV station on the air, the only VHF station for a number of years gave the station enough of a head start to keep it above all of the others.

Titles of early newscasts include: “Your Esso Reporter”(Esso was a gasoline brand), “AP News and Views” and later the consultant driven title of “Eyewitness News.”

(above): This from July of 1952 as published in Broadcasting-Telecasting Magazine, KSD-AM-TV originated direct lines from the the Chicago Republican Convention.  Pictured is (front row seated): George M. Burback, general manager of the stations; Frank Eschen, special news events director; (standing): Austin Bridgman of the stations staff; and Arch King of the Post-Dispatch Newspaper(owner of KSD)

(photo from Broadcasting-Telecasting)

(above): It's unknown what this program was but it seemed to have a sports theme.  It was also sponsored by the St. Louis area Nash Rambler dealers.

(above): Howard DeMere doing weather at KSD-TV in 1951.  A later picture is below....

(above): A picture of the empty studio of KSD-TV from 1947 before the station when on the air.  This is presumably of the studio within the St. Louis Post Dispatch building.

(above): Russ David and Kate Smith from
the 1950s

(unless otherwise stated photos are from the collection of  Dr. Wayne Brasler)

(top above): "The KSD-TV Merry Go Round Show" was one of the children's shows broadcast on Channel 5 during the 1950s.  It was sponsored by Whistle (soft drink).

To mention all of the local news broadcasters of KSD over the years would be impossible, although many of them have been at the station for many years. That longevity of anchors and personalities in the market is one more reason the station has enjoyed the local news success it has. If you have suggestions of notable personalities at KSD over the years, please e-mail me your suggestions to be included on this site.

(far left): A TV Guide entry for Kraft Television Theater, a series of presentations with different hosts and stars recreating everything from fairy tales to serious plays and recreations of movies.  This one was broadcast in March of 1954 and broadcast on NBC and KSD(along with WOC, Channel 6 in the Quad Cities). 
Many of these broadcasts in future years were
broadcast in color.  From information in the central Illinois edition of TV Guide, Channel 5 was the only NBC station which had the capability to broadcast in color.

Notice the show was broadcast live.  It is not known if any kinescopes of this or other live broadcasts of this prestigious series exists today.

(near left): An NBC TV Guide from January of 1958 for the night time version of "Truth or Consequences."  Notice also, it was a live broadcast from the NBC television facility in Hollywood, California.

The show was broadcast by KSD-TV, channel 5.

(from TV Guide, and the collection of
Doug Quick)

KSD-TV and NBC, CBS Programming from the 1940s-50s

(TV Guide images from the Doug Quick Collection)

(above): Howard DeMere long time weathercaster at KSD-TV

(above):  Russ Carter from the "St. Louis Hop"

(photos courtesy of
the collection of  Dr. Wayne Brasler)

KSD-TV Wants to Move

After being in downtown St. Louis, KSD-TV in July of 1956 was looking to move to an 18 acre tract in St. Louis purchased by the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.  Another tract of 42 acres was purchased by KSD-TV to be the location of the new tower/transmitter.  This proposed tower would be one of the tallest man-made structures in Missouri at 1,114-feet and would replace the existing 540-foot tower.
The proposed tower/transmitter would add another 7-thousand square miles to Channel 5's current 10-thousand square miles.  The studio would be a 2 or 3 story building located in the west-central part of St. Louis.  The current studios was 8 stories built in 1917 but did not allow for the facility to expand for the future production, news and administrative needs.

KSD-TV of the future

KSD-TV would continue to have a monopoly of local viewers well into the 1950s.  By 1953 WTVI would appear on the television horizon, but with a decidedly disadvantage.  WTVI would broadcast during late 1953 on the UHF band on channel 54.  Others would appear in St. Louis as well.  In 1953 broadcasts from KSTM-TV, Channel 36, St. Louis and KACY-TV, Channel 14, Festus, IL would broadcast from nearby Festus, Missouri.  See more about those stations in upcoming chapters.

My tracing of the history of KSD-TV would end here, although the station would continue to grow and prosper even with gaining other VHF competition with the new KWK-TV, Channel 4 in 1954, KTVI, Channel 2 in 1957 and KPLR, Channel 11 in 1959.   The NBC station continues to dominate the local TV market even after a couple of ownership changes over recent years.   

thanks to:
Wayne Brasler
Bob Lee Collection of Screen Grabs
TV Guide®


NEXT IS THE HISTORY OF WTVI, CHANNEL 54 (Later KTVI, Channel 36 and later Channel 2).....

St. Louis Missouri Television Stations
  KSD-TV, Channel 5, St Louis, MO (KSDK)
  WTVI, Channel 54, Bellville, IL (KTVI, Channel 2)
  KWK, Channel 4, St. Louis, MO (KMOX, KMOV)
  KPRL, Channel 11, St. Louis, MO
  KDNL, Channel 30, St. Louis, MO
  St. Louis Ghost Television Stations

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updated 1/1/2017
web master:  Doug Quick
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